I’d like you to take a moment to imagine two people. Both follow the same religious scripture, with equal regularity yet one interprets the passages as peaceful instructions on life, while the other sees them as commands to violently confront anyone who disagrees with certain worldviews.
The disparity is drastic. They read the same words, yet the comprehension is as different as a chalk or cheese.
When we speak of the religious extremism that plagues the world and its driving factors we rightly mention political unrest, education, socioeconomic backgrounds, violent text, the mullah culture, and more, but what we fail to talk about is mental health.
How do two people of similar backgrounds with similar personalities respond to these factors so differently? And why is a small, yet significant percentage of the human population more susceptible than the vast majority?
Is the father who takes his family from a perfectly safe environment in a Western nation to murder, rape, and behead others for ISIS in Syria okay in the head?
When mass shooters are usually analysed in American media, they are labelled as mentally ill lone wolves. This much is true. An examination of their backgrounds usually reveals a history of red flags. But why is the mental state of religious extremists not considered a factor?
I am not saying the tube light doesn’t flash randomly in the darkness, acting as a beacon for the crazy moths, but why is it more intoxicating for some?
What I find curious is our belief that religion is a cure for mental health issues.
On the Facebook page ‘Question Updates’, someone with depression, anxiety, suicidal (or likely secretly homicidal thoughts), usually posts a query a week, asking how to resolve such deeply troubling feelings in an effective manner.
The answers from the masses usually include, “read the Holy Quran,” or “pray to Allah,” or “perform Salah”. Many even go as far as to badmouth mental health professionals such as psychologists, psychiatrists, and humanistic counsellors, with claims that religious scripture is the only answer.
I have nothing against reading religious text as a means of earning inner peace. But although religion can complement modern medicine, it can’t replace it.
Why is it that Pakistanis will always recommend consulting a doctor when it comes to visible ailments, but will scoff at the idea of a mental health professional when the malady concerns the mind or soul?
No one tells you to ignore the doctor and go pray if you have a cold, sore throat, flu, or viral infection, but when it comes to depression, the answers are suddenly found only in religious scripture.
Let’s put it another way.
Do we want a paranoid schizophrenic seeking answers from scripture or a mental health professional?
Writing a blog for Dawn, Doctor Arif Mahmood says,
“The most shamefully neglected health field in Pakistan, mental illness afflicts 10 – 16 per cent of the population; with a large majority of those affected being women.
According to the WHO, only 400 psychiatrists and five psychiatric hospitals exist within the entire country for a population exceeding 180 million. This roughly translates to an alarming psychiatrist-to-person ratio of 1 to half a million people.”
Let’s start taking mental health as seriously in this country as we do other hurts. Just because the wounds can’t be seen doesn’t mean the injuries don’t exist. If you are willing to see a doctor for that pain on your leg, then why not talk to a counsellor for the pain in your heart? It could be the best decision you ever made.